- Nixon begins “Vietnamization” in Southeast Asia.
- The United States, USSR, and about 100 other countries sign the nuclear nonproliferation treaty (NPT).
- Russian and Chinese troops clash along the Ussuri River.
- 27-year-old Colonel Muammar al-Qaddafi deposes King Idris of Libya and establishes a pro-Arabic, anti-Western, Islamic republic.
- Population: 3.631 billion
- Richard M. Nixon is inaugurated 37th President of the US (Jan. 20).
- Stonewall riot in New York City marks beginning of gay rights movement (June 28).
- Sen. Edward M. Kennedy pleads guilty to leaving scene of fatal accident at Chappaquiddick, Mass. (July 18) in which Mary Jo Kopechne was drowned—gets two-month suspended sentence (July 25).
- Apollo 11 astronauts—Neil A. Armstrong and Edwin E. Aldrin, Jr., —take first walk on the Moon (July 20).
US GDP (1998 dollars): $982.2 billion
Federal spending: $183.64 billion
Federal debt: $365.8 billion
Median Household Income
(current dollars): $8,389
Consumer Price Index: 36.7
Cost of a first-class stamp: $0.06
NY Jets d. Baltimore (16-7)
NY Mets d. Baltimore (4-1)
Boston d. LA Lakers (4-3)
Montreal d. St. Louis (4-0)
Women: Ann Jones d. B.J. King (3-6 6-3 6-2)
Men: Rod Laver d. J. Newcombe (6-4 5-7 6-4 6-4)
Kentucky Derby Champion
NCAA Basketball Championship
UCLA d. Purdue (92-72)
NCAA Football Champions
- Midnight Cowboy wins the Best Picture Oscar, the first time an X-rated movie received the honor.
- In August, more than half a million people gather in the small, upstate New York town of Bethel (near Woodstock, N.Y.) for four days of rain, sex, drugs and rock ‘n’ roll. Performers include Janis Joplin, Jimi Hendrix, The Who, Joan Baez, Crosby, Stills, Nash and Young, Jefferson Airplane and Sly and the Family Stone.
- A Rolling Stones fan is killed at the group’s Altamont, California, concert by members of Hell’s Angels.
- The FCC bans all cigarette advertising on television and radio.
- Children’s Television Workshop introduces Sesame Street.
- Midnight Cowboy, Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid, The Wild Bunch, Easy Rider, Anne of the Thousand Days
- Robert Coover, Pricksongs and Descants
- John Fowles, The French Lieutenant’s Woman
- Mario Puzo, The Godfather
- Philip Roth, Portnoy’s Complaint
- Jean Stafford, Collected Stories
- Kurt Vonnegut, Slaughterhouse-Five
- Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin become the first humans to walk on the moon.
- The first in vitro fertilization of a human egg is performed in Cambridge, England.
- ARPA (Advanced Research Projects Agency) goes online in December, connecting four major US universities. Designed for research, education, and government organizations, it is the foundation upon which the Internet will eventually be built.
- The scanning electron microscope is developed.
- The use of DDT is banned in residential areas.
- Dwight David Eisenhower
- Joseph P. Kennedy
- Jack Kerouac